About India | The Land of Religion and Spiritualism
India is home to four major world religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. The region’s diverse culture is shaped with the arrival of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam in the first millennium CE. Home to the Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified for its commercial and cultural wealth.
India got its independence from the British rule on August 15th, 1947. Agriculture is not only the dominant occupations of the people of India but also one of the most important economic sectors for the country.
The Indian subcontinent touches three large bodies of water and separated from the rest of Asia by the supreme continental wall of the Himalayas. The nation is easily recognizable on the world map. This thick, roughly triangular peninsula defines the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Arabian Sea to the west and the India Ocean to the south.
In the Northern part of India, lies Jammu and Kashmir, a dynamic area with terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to the lake country and forests near Srinagar and Jammu. The fertile lands of Punjab to the west, the Ganges river valley and the Himalayan foothills of Uttar Pradesh to the East are habitable. Rajasthan, who main feature is the Thar Desert and the astonishing “pink city” of Jaipur is the south-western extremity and finally Agra, home of the famous Taj Mahal captures the south-east of the southern Uttar Pradesh.
The eastern part of India starts with the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, comprising of the westernmost part of the region. This part of India also contains an area called the eastern triangle comprising of land that extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating in the Naga Hills along the Burmese border.
The west India presents the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, and part of the massive, central state of Madhya Pradesh. The west coast extends from the Gujarat peninsula down to Goa featuring some of the best beaches and lush rainforests along the coast extending from Mumbai all the way into Goa. The Western Ghats separates the verdant coast from the Vindya Mountains and the dry Deccan plateau further inland.
Now, comes the southern part of India which is the last gulp of India reaching peninsular tip. It begins with the Deccan in the north and ends with Cape Comorin. According to Hindu belief, bathing in the waters of the three oceans will wash away their sins. Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala are the states capturing the southern part.