Panchakarma Treatments in India

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Know Panchakarma Chikitsa (Treatment)

In Ayurveda treatment of diseases are classified into "SHODHANA (PURIFICATION)" and “SHAMANA (PACIFICATION)”.

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In Ayurveda, SHODHANA CHIKITSA is termed as PANCHAKARMA. It is a highly effective healing treatment for full body detoxification. It rejuvenates the body, prevents diseases and improves the immune system.

Our body produces a lot of toxic substances which gets released by the body’s natural mechanism. But repeated dietary indiscretions, poor exercise patterns, lifestyle and genetic predisposition do not let the body machinery function efficiently. As a result the digestive enzymes, metabolic co-factors, hormones and Agnis, which regulate the body’s internal homeostasis, become disorganized. When the body can not release the waste matter called Ama in Ayurveda. This is where Panchakarma procedures help the body.

Therapy Panchakarma-2
Panchakarma procedures help to remove the excess doshas and correct imbalances in them. It helps to remove the toxic substances out of your system through the body’s own organs and channels of elimination (colon, sweat glands, lungs, bladder, urinary tract, stomach, intestines etc). Panchakarma offer deep level purification of body tissues. It involves daily massages and oil baths and is a very pleasurable experience. Ayurveda recommends Panchakarma as a seasonal treatment for maintaining mental, physical hygiene and balance.

The Panchakarma Process

Panchakarma treatments are divided into three phases of detoxification:

   Purvakarma is a preparation for cleansing.
   Pradhankarma or Main course of Panchakarma consists of five cleansing procedures.
   Pashchatkarma or after care are therapies applied after cleansing.

A. Purvakarma: Consists of the following steps:
Snehan (oleation therapy)

Internal Snehan: Medicated oils and ghee (clarified butter) are used. This helps eliminate impurities so that elimination becomes easier. External Snehan: It includes different kinds of massages using medicated oils.

Swedan (sweating):

Sweating is done shortly after the massage. This is normally done in a sweat box.
The Purvakarma procedures are often overlooked in the grand scheme of proper administration of Panchakarma. The aim of Purvakarma therapy is to begin to loosen, liquefy, and transfer the vitiated doshas from their abnormal sites in peripheral tissues to the appropriate central site within the alimentary canal.

Vamana (use of emetics):

Artificial vomiting is induced using herbs. It is usually indicated for people with ‘Kapha’ (phlegm) disorders. Basti: A colon irrigation procedure to first cleanse the colon (Niruh Basti), and then restore (Asthapan) the function of colon with medicated enemas. Vamana (use of emetics): Artificial vomiting is induced using herbs. It is usually indicated for people with ‘Kapha’ (phlegm) disorders. Rasta Motswana (blood-letting): We recommend blood donations. Researchers at the Kansas University Medical Center in Kansas City have found that non-smoking men who donated blood had a 30% reduced risk for cardiovascular events such as heart attack, bypass and stroke than non-donors.

Nasya (Nasal administration):

Medicinal oils or herbal mixtures are inhaled or used as drops (mixed with oils or ghee) to clear the congestion in the sinuses. It is also good for balancing the prank (air) in vita.

Therapeutic Vomiting (Vamana):

Vamana is used when there is congestion in the lungs. This increases repeated attacks of bronchitis, cough, cold or asthma. In order to get rid of the mucus causing excess kappa, artificial vomiting is induces with the help of herbs. Foods aggravating kappa such as yogurt with salt or basmati rice is given on the morning of the Amana. Heat is applied on the chest and back to liquefy kappa. Patients are given a drink consisting of madanaphalam, licorice and honey to initiate vomiting tendency. Vomiting 4-8 times, which is usually the target, will relieve the patient of congestion, wheezing and breathlessness along with the clearing of the sinus. Therapeutic vomiting is used for cough, cold, lymphatic obstruction, symptoms of asthma, diabetes, nausea, loss of appetite, skin diseases, anemia, poisoning, fever, chronic indigestion, edema (swelling), epilepsy (between attacks), chronic sinus problems and for repeated attacks of tonsillitis.

Purgation Therapy (Virechana, Laxative Therapy):

Virechana or pitta and blood purification therapy is administered three days after the Vamana treatment. Of course, this may vary. Virechana can follow Purvakarma if a patient does not require Vamana therapy. Virechan cleanses the sweat glands, colon, stomach, kidneys, small intestine, liver and spleen. A number of effective and safe herbs can be used as a laxative. This includes dandelion root, senna, prune, psyllium seed, cow’s milk, flaxseed husk, bran, salt, castor oil, mango juice and raisins. It is important to follow restricted diet while consuming these laxatives. Virechana is used for treatment of skin diseases, jaundice, piles, gastrointestinal problems, constipation, abdominal tumors, chronic fever, gout, worms, and irritable bowel syndrome.

Enema (Basti):

This treatment is used to promote elimination of the loosened Vatadosha through the rectum. Herbal oils and other herbal decoctions in a liquid medium are introduced into the rectum. Since vata is mainly located in the colon and bones, the medication is administered into the rectum. Basti alleviates constipation, chronic fever, common cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, vomiting, backache, neck pain and hyperacidity. Vata disorders such as sciatica, arthritis, rheumatism, neurodegenerative conditions, and gout can also be treated by medicated enemas. Almost 80% of the vata-related disorders can be treated with this method.

Nasya (Nasal administration; Errhine Therapy):

Herbal oils and liquids are administered into the nostrils. It is helpful for the treatment of kapha-oriented problems of ear, eyes, throat, and nose disorders. Disorders such as sinusitis, migraine, cataract and bronchitis are corrected through this therapy.
The nose is the gateway to the brain and is also the path for Prana or vital energy to enter the body. Nasya is indicated for dryness of the nose, sinus congestion, hoarseness, migraine headache, neurodegenerative conditions (i.e. multiple sclerosis), convulsions and certain eye and ear problems. This therapy helps correct the disorders of Prana affecting the higher cerebral, sensory and motor functions.

Blood Letting (Rakta Moksha):

Blood-letting is purification of blood stream through the gastrointestinal tract. It purifies the blood and relieves skin disorders such as urticaria, rash, eczema, acne, scabies, leucoderma, chronic itching and hives. If administered properly, it stimulates the antitoxic substances in the blood stream, thus developing the immune mechanism in the blood system. However, this therapy must be administered by a qualified physician. Note: Do not administer blood-letting in cases of anemia, edema and weakness or to very old and very young persons.
Instructions about Panchakarma Treatments

  • Panchakarma treatment is Ayurveda begins with consultation with the person to understand his state of health and then we decide the type of treatment and its duration suitable for the person.
  • Three to four weeks therapy is recommended to get proper benefits of Panchakarma treatments.
  • Person should follow Ayurveda regime during and after treatments as well.
  • During the treatment, adequate rest is recommended. Any kind of physical exercise or strenuous activity can cause an adverse effect on the body.

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